Roles of I-CoNSEP
The primary roles of I-CoNSEP is to facilitate the development of human resources and the provision of support services, and enhancing the national policy and diplomacy on several levels to ensure the long-term sustainability and effectiveness of nuclear security and nuclear emergency preparedness in Indonesia. I-CoNSEP may also provide support for capacity building and technical expertise to the neighbouring countries.
Indonesia, with various activities involving nuclear and other radioactive materials needs well-trained human resources in nuclear security, namely:
- operation of nuclear security systems at the facilities with nuclear and radioactive material, and during transport;
- enforcement of nuclear security requirements through inspections and sanctions;
- operation of nuclear security systems at the borders to combat illicit trafficking involving nuclear and other radioactive material and in case of emergency preparedness;
- provision of supporting resources to support local, regional, and national response to nuclear security events, evidence gathering and forensics;
- provision of support services for the installation, operation and maintenance of equipment used for nuclear security;
- co-operation with competent authorities for quick response to nuclear security events / illicit trafficking incidents;
- development of SOPs for configuration of equipment;
- advice to competent authorities on nuclear security matters; and
- remote monitoring/transmission of nuclear security related data (e.g. from borders, custom, and facilities) and its assessment; etc.
Indonesia is also involved and has the capability to access the Illicit Traficking Data Base (ITDB) which covers some activities such as routine meetings, workshops, and training courses conducted by the IAEA. Also, Indonesia is involved in the IAEA Nuclear Security Information Management System (NUSIMS) which identifies the capability of member states in nuclear security.
I-CoNSEP should also encompass various tasks related to emergency preparedness and response, such as:
- coordination among agencies for timely and effective response to nuclear or radiological emergencies;
- search, identification and recovery of lost or orphan radioactive sources;
- remote monitoring of environmental radiology (e.g. from site boundaries, national borders) and its assessment;
- assessment of radiological release and dispersion;
- supporting resources to local, regional, and national response to nuclear/radiological emergencies; and
- dose assessment for emergency workers and publics during emergency; etc.
The I-CoNSEP reflects the concepts of centres of excellence currently promoted by the IAEA and many other multilateral organisations. The IAEA Office of Nuclear Security (IAEA/ONS) espouses the concept of Nuclear Security Support Centre (NSSC), as outlined in the IAEA Interim Technical Guidance on Establishing a National Nuclear Security Support Centre (NSSC). Similar concept is also being promoted by the European Union through the Instrument for Stability (IfS) via the establishment of Chemical-Biological-Radiological-Nuclear (CBRN) Centre of Excellence (CoE). The nuclear security part of the I-CoNSEP embraces these proposals and subsequent self assessment on the establishment of NSSC is presented in Annex III.
In addition, the IAEA Incident and Emergency Centre (IAEA/IEC) advocates the establishment Capacity Building Center on Emergency Preparedness and Response (CBC on EPR). Such CBC is expected to promote effective capacity building programme at regional level. As member states establish national radiation monitoring programme, IAEA/IEC expects that the monitoring results could be channelled to global network of radiation monitoring maintained by the IAEA, Furthermore, IAEA/IEC also encourages Indonesia to participate in IAEA’s Response and Assistance Network (RANET), which could provide assistance to other countries facing nuclear emergency, as required in the Convention on Assistance in Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency and the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident. Similar concept is currently being advocated by the EU via Instrument for Nuclear Safety Co-operation (INSC) through the establishment of Regional Cooperation on Emergency Preparedness and Response in South East Asia, especially in utilising the existing ASEAN Network of Regulatory Bodies on Atomic Energy (ASEANTOM). The I-CoNSEP could readily implement these initiatives and contribute to the improvement of regional emergency response and preparedness in the South East Asian region.
There are four main roles of I-CoNSEP, which are: (1) developing human resources, (2) providing legal, technical and scientific support services, (3) Scientific Support Services, and (4) Mobile Expert Support Team (MEST).